The Zambia Journal of Distance Education (ZJDE) is a peer-reviewed multi-disciplinary, open-access academic journal that publishes scholarly research and reflective discussions about the theory and practice of Distance Education in Africa. ZJDE aims to contribute to the development of Distance Education in African higher education. ZJDE is published twice a year by the Editorial Board through the Institute of Distance Education at the University of Zambia. ZJDE is published online (and in print on special request).